|Color Tablets: Third Box|
The sensorial exercises designed by Montessori focus on each quality that can be perceived by the senses including size, shape, texture, scent, loudness, softness, matching, sorting, weight, taste, and temperature. Furthermore, all of the senses are represented in the materials: The visual sensorial exercises enable the child to distinguish between similar and differing objects. These visual exercises can be divided into three categories including size, form and chromatic, or color. Work competed with the Pink Tower or Brown Stairs enable the child to refine his skills in perfecting detection of size. Exercises which enhance visual aspects of varying form would include work with the Geometric Solids. The Color Tablets are a source for the child to perfect his visual skills regarding color. The tactile sense is also represented in the Montessori Sensorial apparatus. Work with the Fabrics lesson, Touch Boards and Touch Tablets enable the child to enhance, refine, and achieve sensorial awareness of touch. Through work with the Baric Tablets, a child is promoting development of his baric sense and differentiating weights. Likewise, the thermic sense is allowed to be exercised with the use of the Thermic Bottles and Tablets. The olfactory and gustatory senses are also represented in the Montessori sensorial materials through the Smelling Jars, and Taste Bottles. Additionally, an integral part of sense training in the Montessori setting is the development of the stereognostic/haptic sense. Exercises with the Mystery Bag or Geometric Solids enhance and refine this unique sense. All of the senses are represented in the Montessori Sensorial lessons. Ultimately, they “guide the child to logical thought and [further] discovery,” of their surrounding world.
|Pink Tower and Brown Stair extension.|
An important factor of the Sensorial equipment is that they are scientifically designed. Unlike Practical Life materials where the child has a frame of reference from the home, Sensorial materials are not familiar to the child. This aids in maintaining an open mind about what the materials will teach. The purpose of the equipment is to focus the mind on one particular abstraction from the environment. This distinguishing factor of Sensorial materials is called ‘Isolation of a Property.’ The color tablets provide an example of this factor by keeping size, weight, shape, and texture identical, providing the element of color as the isolated property. Throughout the materials, the isolated property is non-adaptable, that is, the isolated concept is universal and can be used in any country or culture in the world.